Nginx多站点设置

Posted by 冰河 at 21:51 Add comments 34,026 Views
十二 182009

方法一:多个.conf方法(优点是灵活,缺点就是站点比较多配置起来麻烦)

这里以配置2个站点(2个域名)为例,n 个站点可以相应增加调整,假设:

IP地址: 202.55.1.100
域名1 example1.com 放在 /www/example1
域名2 example2.com 放在 /www/example2

配置 nginx virtual hosting 的基本思路和步骤如下:

把2个站点 example1.com, example2.com 放到 nginx 可以访问的目录 /www/
给每个站点分别创建一个 nginx 配置文件 example1.com.conf,example2.com.conf, 并把配置文件放到 /etc/nginx/vhosts/
然后在 /etc/nginx.conf 里面加一句 include 把步骤2创建的配置文件全部包含进来(用 * 号)
重启 nginx

具体过程

下面是具体的配置过程:

1、在 /etc/nginx 下创建 vhosts 目录

mkdir /etc/nginx/vhosts

2、在 /etc/nginx/vhosts/ 里创建一个名字为 example1.com.conf 的文件,把以下内容拷进去

server {
        listen  80;
        server_name  example1.com www. example1.com;

        access_log  /www/access_ example1.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /www/example1.com;
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;
        }

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }

       # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        location ~ .php$ {
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /www/example1.com/$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        location ~ /.ht {
            deny  all;
        }
}

3、在 /etc/nginx/vhosts/ 里创建一个名字为 example2.com.conf 的文件,把以下内容拷进去

server {
        listen  80;
        server_name  example2.com www. example2.com;

        access_log  /www/access_ example1.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /www/example2.com;
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;
        }

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }

       # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        location ~ .php$ {
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /www/example2.com/$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        location ~ /.ht {
            deny  all;
        }
}

4、打开 /etc/nginix.conf 文件,在相应位置加入 include 把以上2个文件包含进来

user  nginx;
worker_processes  1;

# main server error log
error_log	/var/log/nginx/error.log ;
pid	/var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
	worker_connections  1024;
}

# main server config
http {
	include       mime.types;
	default_type  application/octet-stream;
	log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] $request '
                      '"$status" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

	sendfile        on;
	#tcp_nopush     on;
    	#keepalive_timeout  0;
	keepalive_timeout  65;
	gzip  on;

	server {
        	listen         80;
        	server_name     _;
        	access_log      /var/log/nginx/access.log main;
        	server_name_in_redirect  off;
        	location / {
            		root  /usr/share/nginx/html;
            		index index.html;
        	}
	}

    # 包含所有的虚拟主机的配置文件
    include /usr/local/etc/nginx/vhosts/*;
}

5、重启 Nginx

/etc/init.d/nginx restart

方法二:动态目录方法(优点是方便,每个域名对应一个文件夹,缺点是不灵活)

这个简单的方法比起为每一个域名建立一个 vhost.conf 配置文件来讲,只需要在现有的配置文件中增加如下内容:

# Replace this port with the right one for your requirements
# 根据你的需求改变此端口
listen       80;  #could also be 1.2.3.4:80 也可以是1.2.3.4:80的形式
# Multiple hostnames seperated by spaces.  Replace these as well.
# 多个主机名可以用空格隔开,当然这个信息也是需要按照你的需求而改变的。
server_name  star.yourdomain.com *.yourdomain.com http://www.*.yourdomain.com/;
#Alternately: _ *
#或者可以使用:_ * (具体内容参见本维基其他页面)
root /PATH/TO/WEBROOT/$host;
error_page  404              http://yourdomain.com/errors/404.html;
access_log  logs/star.yourdomain.com.access.log;
location / {
root   /PATH/TO/WEBROOT/$host/;
index  index.php;
}
# serve static files directly
# 直接支持静态文件 (从配置上看来不是直接支持啊)
location ~* ^.+.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html)$ {
access_log        off;
expires           30d;
}
location ~ .php$ {
# By all means use a different server for the fcgi processes if you need to
# 如果需要,你可以为不同的FCGI进程设置不同的服务信息
fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:YOURFCGIPORTHERE;
fastcgi_index  index.php;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /PATH/TO/WEBROOT/$host/$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING     $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD   $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE     $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH   $content_length;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
}
location ~ /.ht {
deny  all;
}

最后附另外一个二级域名匹配的方法

绑定域名
server_name *.abcd.com;
获取主机名
if ( $host ~* (.*).(.*).(.*))
{
set $domain $1;
}
定义目录
root html/abc/$domain/;
location /
{
root html/abcd/$domain;
index index.html index.php;

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One Response to “Nginx多站点设置”

  1. 这篇文章讲述的还不错

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