jsp图片验证码

Posted by 冰河 at 23:16 Add comments 4,520 Views
232010

代码如下:

image.jsp

<%@ page contentType="image/jpeg" import="java.awt.*,java.awt.image.*,java.util.*,javax.imageio.*" %>
<%!
// 给定范围获得随机颜色
Color getRandColor(int fc,int bc) {
    Random random = new Random();
    if(fc > 255) {
        fc = 255;
    }
    if(bc > 255) {
        bc = 255;
    }
    int r = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
    int g = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
    int b = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
    return new Color(r, g, b);
}
%>
<%
//设置页面不缓存
response.setHeader("Pragma", "No-cache");
response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);

// 在内存中创建图象
int width = 60, height = 20;
BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

// 获取图形上下文
Graphics g = image.getGraphics();

//生成随机类
Random random = new Random();

// 设定背景色
g.setColor(getRandColor(200,250));
g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);

//设定字体
g.setFont(new Font("Times New Roman", Font.PLAIN, 18));

//画边框
//g.setColor(new Color());
//g.drawRect(0,0,width-1,height-1);

// 随机产生155条干扰线,使图象中的认证码不易被其它程序探测到
g.setColor(getRandColor(160, 200));
for (int i = 0; i < 155; i++) {
    int x = random.nextInt(width);
    int y = random.nextInt(height);
    int xl = random.nextInt(12);
    int yl = random.nextInt(12);
    g.drawLine(x,y,x+xl,y+yl);
}

// 取随机产生的认证码(4位数字)
String sRand = "";
for (int i = 0;i < 4; i++) {
    String rand = String.valueOf(random.nextInt(10));
    sRand += rand;
    // 将认证码显示到图象中
    // 调用函数出来的颜色相同,可能是因为种子太接近,所以只能直接生成
    g.setColor(new Color(20 + random.nextInt(110), 20 + random.nextInt(110), 20 + random.nextInt(110)));
    g.drawString(rand, 13 * i + 6, 16);
}

// 将认证码存入SESSION
session.setAttribute("captcha", sRand);

// 图象生效
g.dispose();

// 输出图象到页面
ImageIO.write(image, "JPEG", response.getOutputStream());

out.clear();
out = pageContext.pushBody();

%>
一定不要漏掉红色部分,否则会报出错误:
getOutputStream() has already been called for this response

在需要使用验证码的地方加入:
<img src="include/image.jsp">

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